India is the largest democracy in the world. It has one of the most happening and active borders in the world. For us border means Indo-Pak wars, Sino-Indian wars, partition and terrorist incursion. India has 15106.7 km. of land border and a coastline of 7516 km.. including island territories. The countries which share their boundaries with our nation are Bangladesh, Sri lanka, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. There’s lot more than barbed wires and heavy boots. Let’s delve into more intricacies and various perceptions about the borders of India.
The Indo-Bangladesh Borders of India passes through West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram having the total length of 4096 km, fifth longest land border in the world. It is very porous and has varied terrains comprising of undulating mountains mainly in Meghalaya and Mizoram to fertile alluvial plains and marshlands in West Bengal, Tripura and Assam. Keeping a check on illegal immigration and cattle smuggling is the major issue with this border. The major post of Indo-Bangla border is at Petra pole in West Bengal about 82 km from Kolkata. Apart from that a friendship train chugs between across the border called “Maitree Express”.There are buses from Kolkata and Agartala to Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. Enthusiasts can also visit Gede border/railway station by suburban trains from Sealdah station, Kolkata, it takes about 3 hour.
2. SRI LANKA
This picturesque island nation also shares a land Borders of India. Yes you read it right, Sri Lanka has a land Borders of India of about 100 meters, the shortest land border in the world. All because of the so called ramsetu or Adam’s bridge, it starts from Pamban island close to Rameswaram. The bridge separates Gulf of Munnar from the Palk Strait and is 50 km long basically made of limestone reefs. The is very shallow at some places having a depth of 1 foot. Some study reports claim that it was entirely above the sea level until the 15th century when it was destroy due to a cyclone. The view from Dhanuskodi the last town before the bridge is awesome with boulders said to be the remains of ramsetu.
- This place can be reached by cars from Rameswaram.
Here comes the most hot and happening border of India, both politically and militarily. The length of Indo-Pak border is about 2900 km. It runs through the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. There are quite a few post to cross into Pakistan but the most important of them is the Attari-Wagah crossing. Attari the last village before the border is 32 km west of Amritsar. This transit point major tourist attraction is the “lowering of the flags” ceremony which takes place every evening before sunset and is characterized by colorful and aggressive maneuver assorted with sodality. Another beautiful site along Indo-Pak border is at LOC, the camp at Daulat Beg Oldi. It is situated at a point where the Indo-Pak (Karakoram Range) and Indo-China border (Aksai-Chin) merges and is a part of ancient trade route connecting West Asia to Central Asia, though it is not accessible for tourists. The temperature plunges to -36 C at winters with no sign of life, this is the highest battlefield of the world witness to Kargil War in 1999. Here we get another example of perseverance and bravery of Indian army which mans the area even in the harshest conditions.
The disputed border of India with China runs through states of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Assam, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. The disputed regions are Aksai Chin in Ladakh J&K,and in Arunachal Pradesh which China claims to be it’s own territory rejecting the Shimla Convention between India and China. There are many breathtaking spots along the Chinese borders worth paying a visit, but they are very remotely located. At some places the terrain is so harsh that it is almost in habitable. One such spot is Pangong Lake and I know too much is written about it so I will describe it in one word i.e. MAGNIFICENT. You can reach there by car from Leh which is 170 km away, you need to obtain a permit from ITBP. Another spot is in the eastern part of the country in the state of Sikkim, the high mountainous pass called Nathu La Pass. Nathu La pass is one of the few places where you can walk into the Chinese Tibet border.It is of the highest motor able roads of the world, situated at a height of 14200 ft, it has been recently opened up as a route for the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra. The most convenient way to reach Nathu La is by cars from
Gangtok which is 58 km away.
This beautiful himalayan nation share its borders with our states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim. There’s nothing about the border so better if you head straight into the nation of gurkhas and pashupatinath either by road through Kakarbhitta from West Bengal and Birgunj in Bihar, from these places you can hire a car to further go inside the nation or the best option is to go by air, there are numerous flights from Delhi and Kolkata.
The border with the ‘most happiest nation in the world’ is about 700 km long along the states of West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. You don’t even need a passport to visit the magnificently embellished nation by their natives and mother nature. The only access point by road is through Jaigaon in West Bengal where you can obtain a permit from Bhutanese security for a day’s visit which can be extended even up to 3 days as well, from there the nearest place is Phutsholing, quite obviously the trading capital of the nation but far more tranquil than Jaigaon. Other option is to reach by air to Paro International airport.
Myanmar Borders of India runs through the northeastern states of Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland, it is 1624 km long. It has issues with drug smuggling and separatist militancy. The border post are remotely located with high alltitude mountains and dense vegetation. There is not much of tourist activity along this Borders of India.
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